Phosphate
(PO4)

Alternate Names

  • Phosphorus
  • Phosphate, Inorganic

Phosphorus is a mineral necessary for the normal function of all the cells of the body and for normal bone formation. Phosphorus is absorbed in the intestines from food, and the amount absorbed is dependent upon the amount of calcium that is present. When calcium levels are high, phosphorus levels will be low. Low phosphorus levels are seen in people who have an excessive intake of antacids, high calcium or blood insulin levels, over-active parathyroid glands, chronic alcohol abuse, sepsis, deficiency of vitamin D, osteomalacia or rickets. High blood phosphorus levels are seen in people with kidney failure, hemolytic anemia, sarcoidosis, low levels of calcium, under-active parathyroid glands, high intake of foods containing phosphorus, liver disease, and bone or other cancers.

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