An endometrial biopsy takes a small amount of tissue from within the uterus, which is then examined with a microscope in the lab. This test is usually performed to determine if you are ovulating normally, since specialized cells are present in the uterus during ovulation. An endometrial biopsy may also be used to diagnose tuberculosis, to determine the cause of abnormal uterine bleeding, or to diagnose endometrial cancer.
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