Autoimmune diseases cause the body to attack itself, which leads to inflammation and results in damage to muscles, tissues, and organs. The body produces antibodies specific to each autoimmune disease; the antibody levels measured in your blood are then used by your doctor to diagnose the disease that is causing your symptoms. AMA is a blood test that is mainly used to diagnose Dressler's syndrome, an illness that can develop after either a heart attack or heart surgery. High blood levels of AMAs are present in people with other autoimmune diseases such as cardiomyopathy and rheumatic heart disease, and in people with a strep (streptococcus) infection.
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