Diabetes Mellitus Autoantibody Panel
Autoimmune diseases cause the body to attack itself, which leads to inflammation and results in damage to muscles, tissues, and organs. The inflammation produces antibodies in the blood that can be measured and the levels used to diagnose specific autoimmune diseases. Type I diabetes mellitus (DM) is an autoimmune disease, where the body attacks the pancreatic cells that produce insulin (islet cells). Since high antibody levels can be measured a number of years before clinical signs of diabetes are seen, these tests are a very helpful tool used by your doctor to either prevent the disease or to better manage the onset of the disease, diet restrictions, and treatment. The tests must be done before any insulin therapy is started, since insulin will result in antibodies being formed in the blood. The individual blood tests listed below are ordered to diagnose Type I diabetes mellitus (DM), insulin allergy and insulin resistance or to monitor your condition after a pancreas transplant. See each test for information and normal blood levels.
Tests in this Panel